While you have a major role to play in keeping your garden's yellow rose plants and potted plant gifts alive and healthy, flora have sustained themselves for generations with their adaptive means of reproduction. Partnering with animals or harnessing the wind, plant specimens have found unique methods of pollination that have allowed them to cover the entire planet, according to MBGNet.net. If you're interested in learning more about how flowers, trees, shrubs and other forms of floral life have continued their species, here is some in-depth information about plant pollination works.
Plants' Reproductive Systems
Just like human beings and animals, plants have complex reproductive systems that come into play during pollination. HoneyBeeHelp.com reports that flowers possess both male and female parts that are vital in furthering the species. The male "stamen" is responsible for creating powdery pollen, while the female "pistil" is tipped with a sticky area known as the "stigma." Flowers also contain the "ovule," located at the pistil's base, which is charged with creating seeds.
In order to reproduce, the pollen must be transported to the stigma of either the same plant or another specimen, referred to as self-pollination and cross-pollination respectively. While self-pollination is a viable route, mixing with other organisms of the same species produces the strongest floral offspring.
Though some plants benefit from human interference in order to move pollen to other specimens, animals are typically the most reliable pollinators, according to Penn State University's College of Agricultural Sciences. In order to attract animals such as hummingbirds, bees and other insects, most flowers produce an alluring and fragrant nectar that pollinators love to feed on. Additionally, the shapes and bright colors of a plant also serve as indicators of where the nectar is located. Once an animal begins drinking the nectar, it usually rubs its body against the stamen, allowing pollen to attach to the creature to be transported to another flower's stigma and produce seeds.
When animals don't come into play during a flower's reproductive process, flora must usually rely on wind to transport pollen, reports the University of Cincinnati's Clermont College. Plants such as a pines and grasses often make use of the wind in order to spread their pollen. To do this, these specimens produce a vast amount of pollen that's pumped into the air - playing the odds that some of this pollen will land on another plant's female parts.